Odiha News: It is difficult to say when the first Hindi film was made, but the silent film Raja Harishchandra, released in 1913, has been considered the first full-length Hindi movie. It was directed by the late Dadasaheb Phalke, who is also considered the father of the Hindi film world.
Then came 1931 when for the first time, people saw a movie on screen in which the actors were speaking and they could listen to them. And the movie was Alam Ara which starred Prithviraj Kapoor and Zubeida.
Kisan Kanya, released in 1937, became the first color movie of India. Moti B Gidwani directed the movie, and Ardeshir Irani produced the movie. Although this movie did not get much success, it is always remembered for being the first color movie of Indian cinema.
From 1913 to 2021, Bollywood has grown manifold, from technology to the number of movies made every year. In this post, we will cover five movies that made history and changed the dimensions of the cine world.
And this is five Bollywood movies are
- Mother India
- Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai
Lets discuss why these Bollywood movies are historic and what they achieved.
Mother India, released in 1957, is still counted among the best films of the Hindi cinema world. The director of this film was famous producer and director Mehboob Khan, while actors like Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, Rajkumar worked in it. Mother India was the first Bollywood movie to be nominated in the Best Foreign Language Film Category in 1958. It lost by just one vote at the third poll to the Italian movie Nights of Cabiria.
Released only a few years after independence, this movie featured the character of a strong woman for the first time, while at that time, most Indians thought that women are weak or that women’s work is limited to the kitchen.
In this movie, Nargis played the role of a mother whose husband passes away in her youth. How she raises her two children and how she fights the world was the movie’s main story. How does a greedy creditor, Lala (Kanhaiya Lal), torture them and always tries to get Radha’s body after her husband leaves.
Her younger son Birju (Sunil Dutt) is hot-headed and becomes a bandit, while her other son Ramu (Rajendra Kumar), is cool-headed and remains with his mother.
On the day of Lala’s daughter’s wedding, Birju kills Lala and kidnaps her daughter. And when he tries to escape from the village by riding on a horse, his mother gives asks him to stop, but he does not stop. After which his mother shoots at him, Birju dies in his mother’s lap.
With the help of this movie, an attempt was made to show that an Indian mother loves her children very much, but when he goes against her principles, she can sacrifice her children too.
Mother India also received several Filmfare Awards such as Best Actress, Best Film, Best Director, Best Cinematography, Best Sound Design. Mother India had earned around 8 crores, 13 times of it’s budget.
- Nargis- Radha
- Sunil Dutt- Birju
- Rajendra Kumar- Ramu
- Raaj Kumar- Shamu
- Kanhaiya Lal- Lala
- Kumkum- Champa
- Mukri- Shambhu
Mughal-e-Azam, directed by K. Asif, is a landmark film of Indian cinema. It took more than 14 years to make this film. K. Asif has directed only two films in his life, Phool in 1945 and Mughal-e-Azam in 1960. K Asif was making Mughal-e-Azam with his friend Shiraz Ali Hakeem. Chandramohan DK Sapru and Nargis from the first cast of this film and in 1946 its shooting started in Bombay Talkies. But at the time of partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, Shiraz Ali Hakim went to Pakistan, due to which the project was halted.
Later K Asif narrated the story of Mughal-e-Azam to Shapoorji Palonji Mistry. Although Shapoorji Palonji Mistry had no experience making or producing a film, he was very interested in Akbar’s story. Due to this, he agreed to produce this film.
Later Dilip Kumar, Prithviraj Kapoor, Madhubala, Durga Khote, Murad became part of this film. K Asif did not want any shortcomings in this film, so he worked on all its nuances, such as the actors’ dress, shoes, weapons, jewelry, etc.
Specialists were called from other cities for every small aspect of the movie. Like tailors were called from Delhi for dresses, the goldsmith was called from Surat for jewelry, blacksmiths were called from Rajasthan for weapons, and the shoes of the cast were ordered from Agra to make everything look natural in the film.
Naushad was the music director for this film. It is said that Naushad made Shakil write the lyrics of the song “Pyar Kiya to Darna kya” 105 times till he found perfection. Lata Mangeshkar sang some lines of this song in three different rooms in the studio, and finally, they were overlapped to produce an echo effect because in those days, there was no such technology to create these things with the help of machines and most of the things were done manually.
Lata Mangeskar, in an interview, denied the rumors around the song that Naushad Saheb made her sing the song in the studio bathroom. The song was shot in technicolor. 10 lakh rupees were spent to shoot this song, whereas then the film’s budget used to be almost the same.
K Asif wanted the entire film to be made into a technicolor but the distributors of this film were not in favor of waiting. So this song is the only one in this movie which is on Technicolor and the rest of the movie is Black and White.
About 1 to 1.5 crore rupees were spent preparing this film, while the film earned more than 11 crores rupees. The film became the highest-grossing Bollywood movie at that time, and this record remained for the next 15 years. The 1975 film Sholay broke Mughal-e-Azam’s earnings record.
- Dilip Kumar- Sehzade Salim
- Prithviraj Kapoor- Shehenshah Akbar
- Madhubala- Anarkali
- Durga Khote- Maharani Jodha Bai
- Ajit Khan- Durjan singh
- Murad- Raja Man Singh
- Surendra- Tansen
- Tabassum- Courtesan
There is a record in the name of Rajesh Khanna, which no one in Bollywood has broken to date, and this record is to give 17 consecutive blockbuster Bollywood movies, and this started with the film Aradhana. Before Aradhana, some Rajesh Khanna films were released, which did not do well at the box office.
But the film, directed by Shakti Samanta, gave Bollywood its first superstar. The film’s music director was SD Burman, and the assistant music director was his son RD Burman. The title song of this movie was sung by SD Burman himself, which was “Safal Hogi Teri Aradhana.”
The film starred actors like Sharmila Tagore, Farida Jalal, Ashok Kumar, Sujit Kumar, along Rajesh Khanna. Show man Subash Ghai also had a cameo in the movie as Rajesh Khanna’s friend.
All the songs of this film were hits, and people still hum them. The playback singers in the film were Kishore Kumar, Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, and Asha Bhosle. Kishore Kumar sang for the first time for an artist other than himself and Devanand.
The gross income of the movie the was 17 to 18 crores worldwide.
- Rajesh Khanna- Arun Saxena/ Suraj Saxena (Double Role)
- Sharmila Tagore- Vandhana Tripathi
- Sujit Kumar- Madan Verma (friend of Arun Saxena)
- Farida Jalal- Renu
- Madan Puri- Jail Warden
- Ashok Kumar- Air Commando
- Manmohan- Shyam
- Subash Ghai- Prakash
If Aradhana had given Bollywood its first superstar, then Sholay gave Bollywood its biggest superstar. Released in 1975, Sholay broke the 15-year-old Mughal-e-Azam record. Directed by Ramesh Sippy, the film made many an overnight star like Amitabh Bachchan, Amjad Khan, Jagdeep, Mac Mohan. Apart from these stars there were Sanjeev Kumar, Dharmendra, Jaya Bachchan, Hema Malini, Ak Hangal, Asrani.
The story of this film was written by the duo of Salim Javed and music was given by RD Burman. In this film, RD Burman also sang a song which was quite famous. That song was Mehbooba O Mehbooba and this song featured the famous dancer Helen.
Sholay had a budget of about 3 crores, while this movie collected 15 crores in India and collected about 35 crores worldwide. Sholay collected 10 lakh on the first day and Rs 95 lakh in the first week. Sholay was the first Bollywood film to celebrate its silver jubilee, meaning it ran for 25 weeks at many theaters.
Sholay’s Jai character was first offered to Shatrughan Sinha, but with the recommendation of Dharmendra, this character was given to Amitabh Bachchan. The Gabbar Singh character was first offered to Danny Denzongpa, but due to dates issue, Amjad Khan did the role later.
Most of the shooting of this film was done in a small village Ramnagar between Bangalore and Mysore, which is shown in the film by the name of Ramgarh. This story was rejected by many directors, saying that there was no merit in this story, and finally, Salim Javed narrated the story to Ramesh Sippy and his father, GP Sippy. Ramesh Sippy liked this story very much and asked Salim Javed to work on its script.
- Amitabh Bachchan- Jai
- Dharmendra- Viru
- Hema Malini- Basanti
- Sanjiv Kumar- Thakur Baldev Singh
- Jaya Bachchan- Radha
- Mac Mohan- Sambha
- AK Hangal- Imam Sahab
- Viju Khote- Kalia
- Jagdeep- Shurma Bhopali
- Asrani- Jailer
- Keshto Mukherjee- Hariram ( Inmate and messenger in Jail)
- Raj Kishore- Prisoner
Kaho Na Pyar Hai
Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai, released on January 14, 2000, is the last film on this list.
You must be wondering why Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai is in such a historical film list?
If Aradhana gave Bollywood the first superstar and Sholay gave Bollywood the biggest superstar, then Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai gave Bollywood its last Superstar, and that is Hrithik Roshan. The film did 44.27 crores business in India and approx 80 crores worldwide. If you feel that 44 crores are a tiny amount, let us tell you that 44 crores of 2000 are more than today’s 290 crores rupees.
Hrithik’s father, Rakesh Roshan, directed this film and also was the story writer. Rakesh Roshan had said in an interview that the idea of this story came to him after watching the movie Aradhana. He wanted to twist the story of Aradhana, so he changed the plot to a love story rather than a mother-son story.
Initially, Kareena Kapoor was the female lead of this film. But after 2 days of shooting, there was some rift between Rakesh Roshan and Kareena Kapoor’s mother, Babita, due to which Kareena left the film. In Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai, Kareena Kareena Kapoor can be seen in a scene, but that scene is from a long shot, so Kareena’s face is not fully visible.
After Kareena left the movie, Rakesh Roshan went to a wedding where he met his school days friend Amit Patel. A beautiful girl stood next to Amit Patel, and when he asked Amit who it was, his friend said that it was his daughter. Then Rakesh Roshan offered Amisha Patel to work in films, and Amisha Patel also agreed. In this way, Amisha Patel came as the female lead in this film.
Apart from Hrithik and Ameesha, the film also starred Anupam Kher, Dalip Tahil, Mohnish Behl, Ashish Vidyarthi, Satish Shah, Farida Jalal. Amisha Patel’s real-life mother, Asha Patel, also played a small role as Hrithik Roshan’s (Raj Chopra) mother.
The music of this film was given by Rakesh Roshan’s brother Rajesh Roshan and the playback singers were Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Lucky Ali, Alka Yagnik, and Babul Supriyo.
This film started getting a good response from Day One, and in the first week, it was known that this film has proved to be the biggest hit of the decade. A new trend started with this. After this movie, Bollywood heroes who previously did not pay much attention to dance now started paying a lot of attention and at the same time paid a lot of attention to bodybuilding.
- Hritik Roshan- Rohit/Raj (Double role)
- Ameesha Patel- Soniya Saxena
- Anupam Kher- Saxena/ Sirji
- Dilip Tahil- Shakti Malik
- Mohnish Behl- Inspector Kadam
- Asish Vidyarthi- Inspector Shinde
- Farida Jalal- Lilly
- Satish Shah- Landlord
- Vrajesh Hirjee- Tony
- Payal Malhotra- Sobhna (Girl on the ship)
- Asha Patel- Mrs Chopra (Raj’s Mother)
So these were the 5 Bollywood movies that made history in their era and did something different.