The day of 23rd March when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were martyred for the country

Odiha News: 23 March is an important day in India’s history because it was when the great sons of India, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev, were hanged in 1931. Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, 1907, in Lyallpur, Punjab [ today, it’s in Pakistan]. Bhagat Singh’s mother’s name was Vidyavati Kaur, and his father’s name was Kishan Singh. Bhagat Singh was 9 siblings, including him.

Bhagat Singh completed his schooling at Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, an organization of Arya Samaj. Bhagat Singh was greatly hurt by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre on 13 April 1919. He walked 40 kilometres away from his house to Jallianwala Bagh. Seeing the scene and dead bodies there, he wept, and he returned home with the blood-soaked soil of Jallianwala Bagh in his hands.

Bhagat Singh’s family. Image Source: Quora

Bhagat Singh also took an active part in the Non-Cooperation Movement that started in 1921. And he was confident that this time the British would leave India, but Gandhiji withdrew the movement in February 1922 after the Chauri Chaura incident.

In 1923, Bhagat Singh joined the National College, which Lala Lajpat Rai built in Lahore. There he befriended Sukhdev, who later became his partner as well. At the same time, he joined the Hindustan Republican Association, which had big leaders like Chandrashekhar Azad, Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ulla Khan.

Bhagat Singh
The day of 23rd March when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were martyred for the country 1

All the big leaders of HRA were caught in the Kakori train robbery in 1925 except Chandrashekhar Azad. But Bhagat Singh and his colleagues did not allow the party to be weakened.

Killing Of Saunders by Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad and Rajguru

In 1928, Britishers beat Lala Lajpat Rai while opposing the Simon Commission, due to which he died a few weeks later. Along with Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and his comrades took part in this protest. Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were very angry with this and decided to take revenge.

All together decided that the British officer James Scott who ordered the lathi-charge would kill him. But due to a mistake in identification, Bhagat Singh and his associates killed Saunders instead of Scott. HSRA member Jai Gopal was asked to identify James Scott, who later turned British approver in the case.

Bhagat singh
The day of 23rd March when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were martyred for the country 2

After Saunder’s murder, the police were looking for Bhagat and his associates all around. The police had sealed every exit point of the city and were letting anyone go only after searching. In such a situation, Bhagat Singh asked Durga Devi, also known as Durga Bhabhi, wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra, a member of HSRA, and asked her to go with him. Bhagat Singh got his beard and hair cut despite being a learner and wore a vilified cap on his head.

Bhagat made his way from head to toe like an Englishman and disguised Rajguru as his servant, and Durga Bhabhi played the role of his wife. The only member of this whole story who was still alive after India’s independence was Durga Bhabhi, who settled in Ghaziabad after India’s independence and remained there till she died. She died on 15 October 1999 in Ghaziabad.

Durga Bhabi
Durga Bhabi
1929 Assembly Bomb Incident

Bhagat Singh was very fond of reading, and it was in this context, he read about the incident in France in which an Anarchist threw a low-intensity bomb at the Paris Chamber of Deputies. In protest against the Public Safety Bill and Trade Dispute Act, Bhagat Singh also thought of doing something similar. In collusion with his colleague Batukeshwar Dutt, he exploded the bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly. Later, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt made their arrest and tried their case. The purpose of the whole incident was to make the court case a means to convey their point to the people. The rest of the HSRA members were also caught in the hand, and the Saunders murder case was reopened. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were sentenced to death.

Also read- Indian Women Power and the 23rd March Connection With it

HSRA member Hans Raj Vohra, Phonindra Nath, Jai Gopal, Ghosh, and Manmohan Bannerji were among the 457 witnesses produced by the police. All the approvers from HRSA were awarded in cash, land, or scholarship to study in London.

The trio was about to be hanged on 24 March 1931, but they were all hanged 11 hours earlier, in the evening of 23 March, fearing any disturbance.

Bhagat Singh Punjabi pamplet
The day of 23rd March when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were martyred for the country 3


Sukhdev was born on 15 May 1907 in Ludhiana, his father was Ramlal, and his mother was Kali Devi. His full name was Sukhdev Thapar, and from childhood, he used to be ready to die for the country. Sukhdev studied with Bhagat Singh at the National College of Lahore when he joined the Hindustan Republican Association.


Rajguru’s full name was Shivram Hari Narayan Rajguru. He was born in Khed in 1908, his father, Harinarayan, and his mother, the Parvati Devi family, were middle-class brahmin. He lost his father at the tender age of 6 years. He did his schooling from his village, and later, he moved to Varanasi, where he came in contact with freedom fighters.

The question remains

A question is still alive today, did India gave the kind of respect to Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev, and their comrades, which they deserved? Only you can answer this question. Definitely answer this question by writing in the comment.

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